Introduction to the Internet
 [CIMIC] [MUSIC]
Introduction to the Internet

[Today's Topics] What You'll Be Learning About Today

[Definitions] What is the Internet ?

Purpose: To introduce what the Internet is and to learn some basic terms

[History] History of the Internet

Purpose: To learn a bit about the origins of the Internet

[Demographics] Internet Demographics - Who, What, Where


Purpose: To learn who is using the Internet, what they do with it and where they live


[Internet Hosts Chart]

[Hosts] Internet Hosts - Names and Addresses


Purpose: To learn how hosts on the Internet are individually identified

[Tools] Internet Tools - E-Mail, Telnet, FTP, Talk

Purpose: To learn how to log into a host using Telnet, how to compose, send and receive e-mail and how to use the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) to upload and download files

Telnet

Electronic Mail

   Nabil Adam            adam@adam.rutgers.edu
   Barry Davis           badavis@cimic3.rutgers.edu
   Rich Holowczak        holowcza@cimic3.rutgers.edu
   Pamela Morgan         pemorgan@aol.com
   Tiffany Cunningham    tiffanyc@andromeda.rutgers.edu
FunctionHow to Do It
Running the Pine E-Mail Program
  1. Make sure you are logged in to the CIMIC 3 host as described in the Telnet section above.
  2. Type pine and press Enter.
  3. Something similar to the following will appear:
PINE 3.94 MAIN MENU Folder: INBOX 0 Messages ? HELP - Get help using Pine C COMPOSE MESSAGE - Compose and send a message I FOLDER INDEX - View messages in current folder L FOLDER LIST - Select a folder to view A ADDRESS BOOK - Update address book S SETUP - Configure or update Pine Q QUIT - Exit the Pine program Copyright 1989-1996. PINE is a trademark of the University of Washington. [Folder "INBOX" opened with 5 messages] ? Help P PrevCmd R RelNotes O OTHER CMDS L [ListFldrs] N NextCmd K KBLock
Reading a New E-Mail Message
  1. Pine keeps your e-mail in one of 3 folders (by default). Press L to see a list of the folders:
PINE 3.94 FOLDER LIST Folder: INBOX 8 Messages INBOX sent-mail saved-messages ? Help M Main Menu P PrevFldr - PrevPage O OTHER CMDS V [ViewFldr] N NextFldr Spc NextPage
    • INBOX - New Messages you have received.
    • sent-mail - Messages you have sent to others.
    • saved-messages - Messages you have saved.
  1. To read a new mail message, look in the INBOX.
  2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the INBOX and press Enter to view any new messages there.
  3. A list of messages similar to the following will appear:
PINE 3.94 FOLDER INDEX Folder: INBOX Message 5 of 5 + 1 Jun 21 David Fisher (1,704) Re: Problems with s-ware + 2 Jun 21 David Fisher (926) Re: Problems with s-ware + 3 Jun 21 David Fisher (1,798) Re: Running the example + 4 Jul 8 Priya (673) Re: List of Students + 5 Jul 8 Priya (813) Re: List of Students M Main Menu P PrevMsg - PrevPage D Delete R Reply V [ViewMsg] N NextMsg Spc NextPage U UndeleteF Forwrd
  1. Use the arrow keys to highlight a particular message and press Enter to view it.
PINE 3.94 MESSAGE TEXT Folder: INBOX Message 4 of 5 ALL Date: Mon, 8 Jul 96 13:07:29 EDT From: Priya <priya@cimic3.rutgers.edu> To: Richard D Holowczak <holowcza@cimic3.rutgers.edu> Subject: Re: List of Students for Monday Here's the list of their favorite music groups/ artists. Caliph Leggett-Method Man, Anthony Lawson-2 Pac, Marcia Correia-Fugees, George Fiallo-Boyz 2 Men, Venus Banks-Exscape M Main Menu P PrevMsg - PrevPage D Delete R Reply V ViewAttch N NextMsg Spc NextPage U Undelete F Forwrd
  1. From this point (now that a message is being read), you may choose to:
    • Delete the message - if you don't need it any more.
    • Reply to the message - if you have something to answer
    • Forward the message - Pass it along to someone else.
  2. You may also:
    • Scroll through the e-mail message using the arrow keys, the space bar or the - key (the minus sign)
    • Move to the Previous or Next e-mail message.
    • Go back to the Main Menu
Replying to an E-Mail Message
  1. Make sure you're viewing an e-mail message as above.
  2. Press the letter R.
  3. It is possible to include the original message in your reply. This helps the person who sent the original message to remember what he or she wrote. Include original message in Reply? Y Yes ^C Cancel N [No] Press Y to include the original message or N to not include the original message.
  4. An e-mail message can be sent to a group of people at one time. When replying, one can either reply only to the original sender, or to everyone (all recipients). Reply to all recipients? Y Yes ^C Cancel N [No] Press Y to send the reply to all of the recipients of the original message or press N to send the reply only to the originator of the message.
  5. At this point, go to Step 8 below.
Sending a New E-Mail Message
  1. From the Pine Main Menu, Press C to compose a new message.
  2. The following will appear:
PINE 3.94 COMPOSE MESSAGE Folder: INBOX 5 Messages To : Cc : Attchmnt: Subject : ----- Message Text ----- ^G Get Help ^X Send ^R Read File ^Y Prev Pg ^K Cut Text ^C Cancel ^J Justify ^W Where is ^V Next Pg ^U UnCut Text
  1. The cursor will be at the first field for to:
  2. You will need to fill in two things:
    • to: - The e-mail address of the person you are sending the message to.
    • subject: - A brief subject of your message.
  3. Optionally, you can fill in:
    • cc: - The e-mail address of anyone you would like to get a copy of this message.
    • Attachments - any additional files you would like to include with your e-mail message.
  4. For this example, fill these in as follows:
    To: holowcza@cimic3.rutgers.edu
    CC: badavis@cimic3.rutgers.edu
    Subject: First E-Mail to Rich
  5. Attachments fields blank for now - Just press Enter when you get to that field.
  6. At this point, you can write your message in the editing window.
  7. Use the arrow keys to move around. Backspace can be used to erase characters.
  8. Be sure to "sign" your name.
  9. When you're all done, it should look something like this:
To : holowcza@cimic3.rutgers.edu Cc : badavis@cimic3.rutgers.edu Attchmnt: Subject : My First E-Mail Message with Pine ----- Message Text ----- Dear Rich: This is my first e-mail message. My favorite color is blue. Thanks Your pal, R. Kelly ^G Get Help ^X Send ^R Read File ^Y Prev Pg ^K Cut Text ^C Cancel ^J Justify ^W Where is ^V Next Pg ^U UnCut Text
  1. To Send the message, press ^X. Hold down the ctrl key (Control) and press the letter X.
  2. You will be prompted one last time to confirm sending the message. Press Y to send it.
  3. Afterwards, the Main Menu will appear again.

File Transfer Protocol - FTP

FunctionHow to Do It
Running the PC-TCP Software FTP program
  1. In the Windows Program Manager, open up the PC-TCP Group by double clicking on it.
  2. Start up the FTP program by double clicking on the FTP icon.
Open a connection to a remote host
  1. When the FTP program is first run, a dialog box will appear to open up a New connection.
  2. For this example, fill in the information as follows:
    • Host name: cimic3.rutgers.edu
    • Username: Your user name for the CIMIC 3 host.
    • Password: Your password for the CIMIC 3 host.
  3. After filling in these three fields, click on the "Connect" button.
[FTP Dialog Box]
Change directories The main screen of the program is divided into two halves. On the left is a listing of files for the PC you are using and on the right is a listing of files for the remote host. [FTP Main Screen]
  • Use the scroll bars to scroll down the file lists.
  • For the PC side, scroll all the way to the bottom to see the different drive letters. e.g., the "A:" or "B:" drives are the floppy drives.
Uploading and Downloading files
  1. To upload a file from your floppy disk to the CIMIC 3 host, use the scroll bars on the PC side to change the directory to your floppy disk.
  2. Highlight a file to upload by clicking on the file name one time.
  3. Choose the appropriate file type - either ASCII or Binary.
  4. Click on the "Copy" button to transfer the files.
  5. To download a file from CIMIC 3 to your floppy disk, highlight the files in the right side window. Note the arrows around the "Copy" button will change direction. Click on the copy button to transfer the files.

Talk

Message from Talk_Daemon@cimic3.rutgers.edu at 11:17 ...
talk: connection requested by holowcza@cimic3.rutgers.edu.
talk: respond with:  talk holowcza@cimic3.rutgers.edu

[Topics This Week] What You'll Be Learning About Next...



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End of File: inter1.html July 11, 1996 Rich Holowczak holowcza@cimic3.rutgers.edu